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Republic of Latvia is a small country in northern ¸ eastern Europe. It borders the Baltic Sea to the west, to Estonia in the north, to Russia and Belarus to the east and Lithuania to the south.

Latvia is historically divided into Livland and Kurland. After the German bishop Albert landed in 1201 and founded the Riga as the area was dominated by the Teutonic Order until the 1500s. After that Poland-Lithuania the larger influence.

In 1621, Livonia was conquered by the Swedish king Gustav II Adolf, and it became Swedish in 1629. At the end of the 1600s drove Kurland mines at Eidsvoll and Kongsberg and leasehold Stains island at Kristiansand. Hertugd ¸ mme Kurland remained independent. After the Battle of Poltava in 1709 as the Russian Livland and Kurland followed in 1795. 18. November 1918 declares ¿rte Latvia itself independent from Russi

a and got his freedom 11 august 1920. 17. June 1940, the country was occupied by Soviet forces and became a Soviet republic. 58,000 Latvians were mass deported to Siberia in 1941 and 1949. 6. September 1991, Latvia independent from the Soviet Union. In 2004 they went Latvia into the EU and NATO.
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